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Sewage Treatment Plant

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Aerated Lagoons (AL)

Aerated Lagoons are relatively simple plants to operate and maintain. However, they require large land areas and are therefore rarely found in densely populated urban areas.

The AL process normally comprises two or three lagoons in a sequence. The first lagoon has surface aerators, which are like large "paddle mixers". The aerators float on the surface of the pond and continuously stir the incoming sewage, serving to maintain oxygen content in the sewage and preventing any solids from settling.

Sewage has an average retention in the first pond of five days. During this time, bacteria consumed the oxygen to breaking down the organic material in the sewage.

Effluent is passed into the second pond where the degraded organic matter and sediments are settle out to form sludge. The effluent may then pass to a third pond for polishing or be discharged to a receiving waterway. The average retention time in the second pond is one day.

Care must be taken in managing the settling pond in warm climates. These ponds can suffer from algal growth and/or odour generated by anaerobic digestion of the sludge at the bottom of the pond. Depending upon their design these ponds must be desludged approximately every 10 years.

Typical figures for ALs are as follows:

(mg/L) Raw Sewage Effluent DOE Standard B
Biological Oxygen Demand 200-400 20-80 50
Suspended Solids 200-350 40-100 100

There are approximately 40 AL sewage treatment plants in Malaysia.